West Papua Petition – There are Indonesians who establish themselves as Melanesian; particularly individuals in East Nusa Tenggara, Papua, West Papua, Maluku and North Maluku. It isn’t an expression of political ideology nor citizenship. It’s really a human race, which all indigenous people who find themselves dwelling in these stated provinces belong to. Since Melanesia constitutes a race, they aren’t topic to discrimination, irrespective of their non secular or political affiliation. They’re honorary Indonesians with authorized Indonesian citizenship.
Speaking about Melanesians, Papua and West Papua are most likely what’s first got here to thoughts. Nonetheless, historical past tells us that their Melanesian identification stay unclear by the federal government from 1963 to 2001. The Melanesian identification in Indonesia was a problem for the earlier administration. Indonesia was already a big and various nation again then. Their motto, “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika,” was the cry for variety. The federal government should tackle the scenario whereas upholding their ideas of sovereignty and territorial integrity.
The federal government acknowledged Papuan Individuals’s Melanesian identification by Legislation No. 21/2001 on the West Papua province particular autonomy. They’re thought-about to be part of the culturally and multi-ethnically various nation of Indonesia. Indonesia is without doubt one of the world’s largest and most various. There isn’t any such factor as stereotyping individuals based mostly on what they seem like. They’re all Indonesians and they’re all equal earlier than the Indonesian legislation. Briefly, the Melanesian identification was a blessing to Indonesia’s Bhinneka Tunggal Ika.
Therefore, it does is smart if we’re to level out Indonesia’s membership to the Melanesian. Indonesia didn’t be a part of the MSG with affiliate member standing as a result of West Papua and 4 different provinces in Indonesia are Melanesians. Indonesia turned a member of the MSG as a result of the nation merely is situated on the Asia-Pacific area and needs to develop harmonious diplomatic relationship with the nations within the area. It’s only logical.
In nearly a decade of existence, MSG has proven its potential to be “the robust man of the South Pacific”. It’s making the area extra economically built-in whereas sustaining its Melanesian cultural identification. Nonetheless, one concern threatens the very basis of MSG. They’ll think about the United Liberation Motion for West Papua (ULMWP) software for full membership.
Free West Papua presence is harmful for MSG. ULMWP lone agenda of taking territories away from a sovereign nation units a grave precedent. By approving their membership, and with some member nations doing the identical, the MSG is unintentionally sending the flawed message. It’s saying that it’s okay for a hostile political organisations to affix the group. It’s saying that it’s high quality to betray the Agreed Rules of Cooperation of the MSG: “the ideas of respect for one another’s sovereignty.” It is usually saying that it’s acceptable to alienate a good portion of the Melanesian inhabitants within the Pacific. The group’s intention isn’t be thought-about in a simple matter.
The demographic and geographic actuality of 13 million individuals of Melanesian ancestry reside within the West Papua and 4 different Indonesian provinces is simple. However what’s extra simple is that Indonesia itself is a various nation for the reason that starting. Melanesians in Indonesia doesn’t solely belong to the sooner stated 5 provinces. Melanesian is Indonesia. To level out variations or variety in Indonesia is like making an attempt to squeeze blood from a turnip, it serves no function.
And identical to some other ethnicity or cultural teams in Indonesia, it’s time for the federal government within the West Papua area to shift its focus again to what issues: cultural solidarity and growth of the Melanesian individuals. With an inclusive method that welcomes the Melanesian inhabitants dwelling within the japanese components of Indonesia, the MSG can actually interact in initiatives that strengthen the bonds of cultural solidarity amongst Melanesians. MSG and the Indonesian authorities should work arduous to prosper their individuals within the area and uphold their precept of respect for one another’s sovereignty.
The stakeholders of MSG, its members, the Melanesian individuals, West Papua, and the associated area might be higher off when the group refocuses its vitality on what issues. On locking cultural solidarity for all Melanesians. On prospering the area whereas creating helpful diplomatic relationship.
Bimantara, S. (2016, July 14). The West Papua wrecking ball? Retrieved from New Mandala: https://www.newmandala .org/west-papua-wrecking-ball/
Elmslie, J., & Webb-Gannon, C. (2014, November 16). MSG Headache, West Papuan Heartache? Indonesia’s Melanesian Foray. Retrieved from The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus: https://apjjf .org/2014/12/47/Jim-Elmslie/4225.html
Firman, T. (2016, Agustus 29). Ribuan Tahun Orang Melanesia di Indonesia. Retrieved from Tirto. id: https://tirto. id/ribuan-tahun-orang-melanesia-di-indonesia-bEYN